Switching from prepayment to paying by credit
If you have a smart meter in prepayment mode you can ask your energy supplier to change it so you can pay by credit. This means you pay for your energy after you use it.
If you have a non-smart prepayment meter, you can ask your energy supplier to replace it with a smart meter. This type of meter has prepayment and credit settings your supplier can turn on or off without needing to visit your property.
Your supplier usually won’t switch you to paying by credit if you’re in debt to them.
You can find out who your gas or electricity supplier is if you don’t already know.
You won't have to pay to have a smart meter installed. If your supplier wants to charge you, contact the Citizens Advice consumer helpline.
If you don’t want to have a smart meter installed you should speak to your supplier. Ask if they have any other options for you.
If you rent your home
If you pay your supplier directly for your energy you don’t need your landlord's permission to change how you pay for it. Your supplier will ask you to pass a credit check or pay a deposit if you’re switching from prepayment to credit.
You could consider letting your landlord know if you’re going to change your meter. You should think about your relationship with them and if they’d be annoyed by you changing the meter. They might use it as a reason to evict you.
You might need to get your meter or smart meter mode changed back at the end of your tenancy.
If you’ll be in the middle of a fixed tariff contract when your tenancy ends, you might need to pay an exit fee.
Check your tenancy agreement - it should say if you need to change it back.
If you were wrongly forced onto prepayment
In February 2023 Ofgem, the energy regulator, asked all energy suppliers to review any recent decisions they made to:
force customers onto a prepayment meter
remotely switch smart meter customers to prepayment
Ofgem asked energy suppliers to check they followed the rules when switching customers to prepayment. You can check the rules your supplier should have followed.
If your supplier didn’t follow the rules, you might be able to get your:
non-smart prepayment meter switched to a smart meter in credit mode
smart meter switched to credit mode
If you have a non-smart prepayment meter and you don’t want to have a smart meter installed you should speak to your supplier. Ask if they have any other options for you.
In some cases you might be offered compensation.
Complain to your supplier if you think you were wrongly switched to prepayment.
If it isn’t safe or practical for you to be on prepayment
Tell your supplier if it isn’t safe or practical for you to be on prepayment, even if you’re in debt - switch your account so you pay by credit.
If you’re aged 75 or older
Tell your supplier being on prepayment isn’t safe or practical if you’re aged 75 or older and you:
live with someone, but neither of you can safely get to, work or top up your prepayment meter
If you live with young children
Tell your supplier if a child under 2 years old lives in your home - ask your supplier to move you off prepayment.
If you’re disabled or have a health condition
If you’re disabled or have a health condition, you shouldn't be on prepayment.
Tell your supplier if you or someone in your home has a:
health condition or disability which needs a continuous supply of electricity - for example, you use a stair lift or take medication which needs to be kept in a fridge
health condition which is made worse by a cold home - for example, sickle cell disease
severe or terminal health condition - for example, COPD or cancer
You can also ask your supplier to move you off prepayment if you have a health condition or disability which makes it difficult to reach, work or top up a prepayment meter. You can only ask to be moved off prepayment if there’s no one else in the home who can help.
If you can’t afford to top up
If you run out of gas or electricity because you can't top up your meter, this is called 'self-disconnecting'. Tell your supplier you might have to self-disconnect if you stay on a prepayment meter.
Tell your supplier if you can’t afford to top up and you or anyone in your home:
is pregnant or has children aged between 2 and 5 years old
has a long term health condition, for example, Parkinson’s or osteoporosis
has a mental health condition
has had a recent bereavement
has a health condition which is made worse if they can’t eat hot food - for example, malnutrition
You should tell your supplier how your situation will be made worse if you’re forced to stay on prepayment - give them as much detail as you’re comfortable with.
Working out your budget
It might help if you can show your supplier how much you have left each month after paying essential bills and priority debts. If you’re close to a negative budget it might mean your supplier won't force you to stay on prepayment.
A negative budget means you have more money going out than you have coming in every month.
Try and be as accurate as you can when making your budget. Before you start, find your most recent:
debit and credit card statements and bills
receipts for things you pay for in cash
Use the budget calculator on the National Debtline website. You'll create a document that you can keep.
Make sure you save a copy - you’ll need to refer to this later. You’ll also need to send a copy to your energy supplier.
If you need help managing money you owe your energy supplier or anybody else, check our debt advice.
If you can’t get to or top up your meter
Tell your supplier if you can’t reach or top up your meter. Tell your supplier if you can’t:
reach your meter - for example, if it's above head height and you’re disabled
get to your meter - for example, if it’s in a shared cupboard you don’t have a key for
easily top up your meter - for example, if you don’t have a car and the nearest shop is over 2 miles away or you don’t have access to the internet to top up online
There might be ways around problems like these, for example, someone else in the home could reach or top up your meter. Your supplier might be able to move your meter or let you top up by using an app or over the phone.
Tell your supplier anything which makes things more difficult for you to use a prepayment meter, for example, if you’re recovering from an injury. You should also tell them if you live with anyone who is:
aged 16 and under
aged 65 and older
You should ask to be put on your supplier's priority services register. This will give you extra help with your energy supply.
If you’ve finished paying off debt
If you don’t want to be on prepayment anymore, your supplier must:
remove your old-style prepayment meter and give you a smart meter in credit mode
switch your smart meter to credit mode
If you’d prefer to stay on prepayment, your supplier must reset your meter so you're not paying too much.
You might need a credit check or deposit
Before your supplier installs your new meter or turns off your smart meter's prepayment setting, you might have to have a credit check or pay a deposit. If you’d rather not have a credit check you can ask to pay a deposit instead. Your supplier might not agree to this but it’s worth checking.
If your supplier asks for a deposit, it should be for a reasonable amount. They should work out what’s reasonable by looking at how much energy households like yours use over 3 months. This is usually between £150 and £300, though it could be more.
If it's much more, complain to your supplier, asking to know how they decided the amount.
Check your final credit before you move off prepayment
Before your supplier installs your new meter or turns off your smart meter's prepayment setting, make a note of how much credit you have left. Your supplier will transfer your credit to your new account, so it will go towards your first bill.
If you owe money to your supplier because you've used some emergency credit, write this down instead. They’ll add what you owe to your first bill.
You should also take a final meter reading.
It’s a good idea to take a photo of the meter, so you have proof of what it says.